Lesser known facts about paraphilic disorders

Lesser known facts about paraphilic disorders

Paraphilic disorders are incomprehensible disorders wherein patients exhibit unhealthy and disordered sexual behaviors. The inability of such people to explain their constraints and challenges to others further exacerbate their condition. Such inexplicable disorders are a major source of stress that accelerate a range of mental disorders like depression.

A number of paraphilic disorders affect a multitude of people, irrespective of  class, demography, race, ethnicity, etc. Such conditions inflict  distress not only to individuals but also on the society. Although a number of such disorders have been identified and diagnosed by medical professionals, the Fifth Edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) highlights only eight specific paraphilic disorders that include exhibitionistic disorder, frotteurism, sexual masochism disorder (SMD), voyeuristic disorder, sexual sadism disorder, pedophilic disorder, fetishistic disorder and transvestism. Another such bizarre and peculiar fetish is an exhibitionistic disorder that is prominent among males.

A paraphilia include fetishisms that include an intense and irresistible sexual desire, obsession, fantasy or behavior around atypical objects or situations, such as children, animals, or corpses, to a peculiar peak that can lead to significant tribulations and miseries.

People suffering from paraphilic disorders may include multisensory experiences by touching, holding, tasting, rubbing, inserting or smelling the fetish object. Some of their prominent sexual interests include masturbation, fantasizing, harming themselves or the partners during the intercourse, or preferring a sexual partner to wear or utilize the fetish object during sexual encounters.

Exhibitionistic disorder incite sexual behaviors labeled abnormal

As described by the APA, exhibitionistic disorder has been identified as a mental disorder that causes an intense urge among people to expose their one’s genitals or sexual organs to other people, especially nonconsenting strangers.

Oftentimes, people mark children, animals, or things in order to exhibit their fetish. Since people suffering from this disorder are aware of their problem, they may deliberately  attempt to be noticed while involving in an intercourse. While some people may consistently indicate an impulse to exhibit, some would transform their targets into fantasies, such as observation of exhibitionistic behaviors.

Besides being labeled as abnormal and criminal, the other consequences of exhibitionistic disorder include the development of antisocial personality disorder, substance abuse, pedophilia, etc. An exhibitionistic disorder can go far beyond the above-highlighted limits. A person suffering from an exhibitionistic disorder is likely to inflict significant physical harm to themselves or others due to the severe levels of mental anguish.

Some of the symptoms of exhibitionistic disorder are:

  • Increased distress.
  • Repeated unhealthy sexual behavior.
  • Dysfunctional personal and social life.
  • Occurrence of the symptoms over a period of six months.

Not all fantasies are healthy: Seek treatment along with psychotherapy

Although paraphilic disorders are thought to have a lifelong prevalence, people who do not feed their urges, despite possessing this disorder, may be accepted in remission. Since indulgence in some paraphilia is illegal, people run the risk of imprisonment due to unhealthy sexual behaviors. Over the time, people suffering from such disorders also develop negative traits, such as antisocial attitude, narcissism, etc.  Therefore, it is essential to learn the ways to identify the warning signs and seek effective interventions. However, treatment for this disorder includes both psychotherapeutic and pharmacological interventions, depending on the severity of the disorder.

While the frontline treatment proceeds with psychotherapy, which includes cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), individual and group therapy, marital or family therapy, other pharmacological interference, such as prescribing selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), those used for treating depression and other mood disorders are also used for alleviating sexual desire.

If you know someone who is struggling with any kind of paraphilic disorders, contact the California Mental Health Helpline for guidance on the available options in mental health centers in California. Call at our 24/7 helpline number 855-559-3923 or chat online with our experts to get advice on the best mental health facilities in California.