Spanking during childhood linked to mental health problems in adulthood

Spanking during childhood linked to mental health problems in adulthood

An old idiom that has been used to justify corporal punishment for generations is “spare the rod, spoil the child.” Usually, corporal punishment exists in the form of spanking with a range of objects, such as a paddle, stick, cane, hairbrush, etc.

Some of the common forms of punishment include hitting the buttocks using a paddle or stick (also known as swaddling), slapping with an open palm on the face, pinching anywhere on the body, caning or striking with an implement (e.g., belt, slipper, cane, hairbrush, etc.), and many more. When the punishment takes place in the home, normally parents or legal guardians reprimand their children for some undesirable behaviors.

Physical punishment can also take on other extreme dimensions, such as shaking, forced ingestion of substances, or forcing children to stay in uncomfortable postures or surroundings. Generally, parents apply such punishments when angry or under extreme stress. Many a time, these punishments can become as adverse as kicking, biting, scalding and burning. Such severe forms of corporal punishment can constitute unlawful child abuse. Although corporal punishment is on the decline in most parts of America, it is still practiced in some rural and suburban schools of the South.

Many cultures have historically regarded parents as having the right to physically punish their children for their misbehavior to discipline them. Since such disciplinary measures ensure only short-term discipline and obedience, researchers have held them to be the culprit behind the marked rise in aggressive behavior in children. A 2012 study found that such punishments increase the odds of a child developing mood or personality disorders, depression, anxiety, antisocial behavior, and alcohol or drug addiction in adult life.

Minority respondents and their spanking experiences

Recently, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor and Shawna Lee, researchers working as associate professors at the University of Michigan (UM), analyzed a study jointly by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and Kaiser Permanente on Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE). The CDC-Kaiser ACE study is by itself one of the largest assessments of the association of childhood abuse and poor health and well-being during adulthood.

The UM researchers analyzed data from reports of over 8,300 people between the ages of 19 and 97. During their routine health checkups at an outpatient clinic, participants of the study were asked to fill in questionnaires about the frequency of spankings witnessed by them  until 18 years of age. They were also queried whether they have been subjected to physical abuse (e.g., pushing, grabbing, slapping or shoving) or emotional abuse (e.g., insult or curse) by an adult.

In the light of other risk factors like physical and emotional abuse, the study tried understanding how such experiences increase the risk of developing psychiatric disorders. The study results showed that nearly 55 percent reported being spanked in their initial 18 years. Compared to women, men were more likely to have witnessed childhood spanking. Moreover, those belonging to the minority community, other than Asians, were more likely to be spanked than the white respondents.

The study established that the early exposure to the violent act of spanking could lead children to suffer in their adulthood from depression and can make them more susceptible to suicide and substance abuse. Thus, researchers highlighted that spanking needs to be classified under the same category as physical and emotional abuse. In the case of children, the above-mentioned forms of disciplining measures can be regarded as ACEs due to severe repercussions like pain and substantial mental trauma.

Harsh parenting causes emotional trauma

It is essential to not only prevent child maltreatment, but also harsh parenting techniques. These forms of parenting can prove quite dangerous by affecting a child’s emotional health. Since a child’s future depends on the kind of parenting received by him or her, it is essential to avoid harsh measures as a way to discipline children. Parenting needs to be taken up as a public health initiative to promote the evidence-based parenting programs and policies designed to prevent such adversities.

If you or your loved one is suffering from any mental health problem, contact the California Mental Health Helpline for guidance on reputed mental health centers in California that offer comprehensive treatment programs. Call our 24/7 helpline (855) 559-3923 or chat online with one of the specialists to get advice on the best mental health treatment centers in California.

25 replies
  1. ZycRete
    ZycRete says:

    Wikipedia es una colecciГіn en lГ­nea de conocimiento. Editores voluntarios de todo el mundo escriben Wikipedia. Es una creaciГіn colaborativa creada en
    social security admin
    EducaciГіn especial acadГ©micos de seguridad social federal. Obtenga una nueva tarjeta de seguridad social, nГєmero de telГ©fono de seguridad social, cambio de nombre de seguridad social, oficina de administraciГіn de seguridad social, oficinas de seguridad social

  2. BernLoown
    BernLoown says:

    Paper Mario: The Thousand-Year Door is the second installment in the Paper Mario series, with the first being Paper Mario. It was released for the Nintendo GameCube in 2004 . Its plot revolves around Mario , who embarks on a mission to collect the seven Crystal Stars in order to open the Thousand-Year Door .
    Burn blister in mouth

  3. Uharak
    Uharak says:

    Antipsychotic drugs such as haloperidol and chlorpromazine tend to block dopamine D 2 receptors in the dopaminergic pathways of the brain. This means that dopamine released in these pathways has less effect. Excess release of dopamine in the
    Haldol generic

  4. Nga Magliano
    Nga Magliano says:

    Thanks for another great post. Where else may anyone get that kind of information in such an ideal approach of writing? I’ve a presentation subsequent week, and I am on the search for such information.

  5. Tonisha Arnaudet
    Tonisha Arnaudet says:

    hey there and thank you for your info – I’ve certainly picked up anything new from right here. I did however expertise some technical issues using this website, as I experienced to reload the site lots of times previous to I could get it to load correctly. I had been wondering if your web host is OK? Not that I’m complaining, but sluggish loading instances times will very frequently affect your placement in google and can damage your high quality score if advertising and marketing with Adwords. Anyway I’m adding this RSS to my e-mail and could look out for a lot more of your respective intriguing content. Ensure that you update this again very soon..

  6. CocoPothe
    CocoPothe says:

    Do you want to get stronger without lifting weights? This class is a hard core workout to build core, arm and leg strength. This class uses your own body weight and the hammock to get you (or keep you) in top athletic shape. Join us for this creative and fun alternative for physical fitness. Anyone can do it and no experience is required. Our trained instructors will teach you everything you
    Prenatal exercise classes near me

  7. PozziJaw
    PozziJaw says:

    Try to get the massage at 18.30 so after you finished you can enjoy the light show from the relax room 😉 Valerie Chan: Celebrates birthday at the highest Spa in the World! Enjoy a body scrub, massage, light buffet at the Club follow by a beautiful sunset views of Hong Kong!
    Benefits of reflexology

  8. DENginy
    DENginy says:

    Furry Friend Finder: Mimi And LolaIn vpn connecting forever iphone this weeks ""Furry Friend Finder,"" we introduce you to Mimi and Lola. ##vpn connecting forever iphone vpn for linux | vpn connecting forever iphone > USA download now how to vpn connecting forever iphone for
    Dentist near me

  9. SuttiSaK
    SuttiSaK says:

    Home Remedies for Cat Eye Infections Whereas serious matters should be handled by a veterinarian, minor irritation—like having something stuck in the eye—can be resolved with a general rinse. The below remedies will help with eye discharge, eyes that are matted shut, swollen eyes, and other signs of an eye infection in cats.
    Yeast infection men

  10. node
    node says:

    Needed to draft you a very little remark to help thank you yet again about the striking knowledge you have featured at this time. It is certainly tremendously open-handed with you to offer publicly just what most of us would’ve marketed as an ebook to help with making some money for themselves, most notably since you could have done it if you ever desired. These smart ideas also acted as the good way to recognize that other people have the same keenness much like mine to realize good deal more with respect to this matter. I know there are numerous more enjoyable occasions ahead for folks who looked over your website.

  11. adidas ultra boost
    adidas ultra boost says:

    I’m also writing to make you know what a notable encounter my cousin’s child developed checking yuor web blog. She noticed lots of things, not to mention what it’s like to possess an awesome helping heart to have many people completely know certain complex subject areas. You really exceeded our own expectations. I appreciate you for distributing such great, trusted, explanatory and even unique tips on this topic to Tanya.

Leave a Reply

Want to join the discussion?
Feel free to contribute!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.