Types of psychotherapies treating mental illnesses- Part 2: Motivational Interviewing

Types of psychotherapies treating mental illnesses- Part 2: Motivational Interviewing

Treating mental disorders is a painstaking process. While there are medicines and drugs available to cure mental conditions, psychotherapies are actually a preferred mode of treatment since such disorders often affect an individual’s behavior. Amongst them, motivational interviewing has emerged as a popular form of psychotherapy to deal with the change in health-related behaviors due to mental illness.

Motivational interviewing is patient-centered counseling that involves exploring and resolving behavioral issues due to mental ailments. It primarily focuses on listening to the patient, understanding the conflict and motivating the patient to resolve the issue by negotiating and articulating the benefits and cost involved. Warmth and empathy combined with technique are the two essential components of this therapy as it deals with reflective listening and the development of discrepancy.

Evolution of motivational interviewing

Motivational interviewing was initially developed by Bill Miller, an American psychologist. Of late, the therapy has been widely used to treat mental disorders. The theory came into existence when Miller along with his colleagues from Norway brainstormed to identify therapeutic approaches to treat people with alcohol abuse. The discussion followed a pattern- a gradual process of listening, reflecting to check understanding and clarification, which became the technique of the therapy itself.

The technique was subjected to academic questioning which included queries such as what, how, when, why and for whom. Initially, the process was fitted with various theoretical models relating to interpersonal processes and behavior change. However, in the current times, it has been evaluated in a variety of settings.

Four principles of motivational therapy

Motivational therapy is guided by four basic principles which not only describe the functioning of the therapy but also standardize the process. The four principles are:

  • Expressing empathy: The success of the therapy depends a lot on the relationship between the patient and the counselor. During the process, it is important for both to win each other’s trust. Hence, it becomes imperative for the counselor to show empathy towards the patient which is achieved by reflective listening. This involves listening to the concerns of the patient and understanding his or her fears, point of view and underlying motivation. Notably, arguments are avoided during reflective listening.
  • Developing discrepancy: This principle involves creating a discrepancy between the patient’s present behavior and original personal goals. The process helps the patient identify personal goals and purpose of life, and motivates him or her to struggle hard to achieve them. This principle primarily aims at amplifying the discrepancy between the behavior and personal goals. It is important that the counselor helps the patient recognize his or her own goals and not force one on him or her.
  • Rolling with resistance: The principle includes empathy and understanding instead of confrontation, as it may lead to additional barriers. Hence, during the process, the counselor does not counter the resistance which may take the form of negating, blaming, excusing, minimizing, arguing, challenging, interrupting, and ignoring. Instead, the counselor extracts the reason that is dampening or fostering the patient’s motivation to bring about the behavioral change. Once the factors are identified, the person can consider change as a possibility.
  • Support self-efficacy: This principle involves building self-confidence in the patients and making them believe in their ability to change their behavior for good. The process works to induce confidence of being capable of overcoming barriers, in the patient. Hence, during the process, the counselor sets reasonable goals, which are easy for the patients to accomplish, thereby building their self-confidence.

Road to recovery

Motivational interviewing is widely used in people suffering from depression. While the therapy has largely been successful, however, in many cases, it is used along with medication depending upon the severity of the mental illness. A mental disorder necessarily needs medical treatment, as it may lead to permanent physical or mental impairment.

If your loved one is suffering from any kind of mental illness or anxiety disorder or depression, contact the California Mental Health Helpline to know about the reputed mental health facilities in California. You may call us at our 24/7 helpline number 855-559-3923 or chat online to speak with our representatives who are committed to guide you in knowing the best mental health centers in California.

Read the other articles of the series “Types of psychotherapies treating mental illnesses” :

Part 1: Exposure Therapy

 

72 replies
  1. Kerrie Netto
    Kerrie Netto says:

    I’ll right away take hold of your rss feed as I can’t find your email subscription hyperlink or e-newsletter service. Do you’ve any? Kindly let me realize in order that I could subscribe. Thanks.

  2. Austreupe
    Austreupe says:

    Pyridium Increased Urination Purchase Prescription Antibiotic Amoxicillin 875 Amoxicillin And Nursing Baby viagra Zithromax Pills For Sale Alternativa A Propecia

  3. me suba
    me suba says:

    o8n2Zd SARIT Yap Malzemeleri dikenli tel Kocaeli, Izmit, Derince ve evresinde it Sistemleri Panel it rg Tel Kafesli Tel Dikenli Tel Jiletli Tel Fileli Tel Ferforje Sarit

  4. coupon
    coupon says:

    My spouse and I stumbled over here from a different page and thought I might as well check things out. I like what I see so i am just following you. Look forward to going over your web page again.

  5. click
    click says:

    I simply want to say I am just new to blogging and site-building and seriously liked your web page. Likely I’m planning to bookmark your site . You really come with perfect articles. Cheers for revealing your website.

  6. Read More Here
    Read More Here says:

    I simply want to mention I’m new to blogging and honestly enjoyed you’re blog. Likely I’m likely to bookmark your website . You surely come with fantastic article content. Many thanks for sharing your web site.

  7. Wakanda nation
    Wakanda nation says:

    Wow! This could be one particular of the most useful blogs We have ever arrive across on this subject. Actually Great. I am also a specialist in this topic so I can understand your effort.

  8. nnu
    nnu says:

    Way cool! Some very valid points! I appreciate you penning this write-up and the rest of the website is also really good.

  9. Clickbank
    Clickbank says:

    Wow, incredible weblog format! How long have you been blogging for? you make running a blog look easy. The full glance of your website is great, let alone the content!

  10. Mabelle
    Mabelle says:

    Thank you for your wonderful post! It continues to be very useful. I hope that you all carry on posting your wisdom with me.

  11. Luvenia
    Luvenia says:

    My brother suggested I might like this website. He was totally right. This post truly made my day. You can not imagine simply how much time I had spent for this info! Thanks!

  12. saat
    saat says:

    This is really interesting, You are a very skilled blogger. I ave joined your feed and look forward to seeking more of your fantastic post. Also, I ave shared your website in my social networks!

  13. Best Porno escorts
    Best Porno escorts says:

    What i do not understood is in truth how you’re not really much more neatly-liked than you may be right now. You’re very intelligent. You realize thus significantly in the case of this matter, made me in my view consider it from a lot of various angles. Its like women and men aren’t involved until it’s something to do with Lady gaga! Your own stuffs outstanding. Always handle it up!

  14. Tennis table assembly service
    Tennis table assembly service says:

    Hi would you mind letting me know which web host you’re working with? I’ve loaded your blog in 3 completely different web browsers and I must say this blog loads a lot faster then most. Can you suggest a good internet hosting provider at a honest price? Thanks, I appreciate it!

  15. Bed bath and beyond furniture assembly
    Bed bath and beyond furniture assembly says:

    Do you mind if I quote a couple of your articles as long as I provide credit and sources back to your blog? My website is in the very same area of interest as yours and my visitors would really benefit from a lot of the information you present here. Please let me know if this alright with you. Cheers!

  16. Office movers
    Office movers says:

    Hello! I simply wish to give a huge thumbs up for the great data you might have right here on this post. I shall be coming again to your weblog for extra soon.

  17. cubicle installation
    cubicle installation says:

    It’s a pity you don’t have a donate button! I’d definitely donate to this outstanding blog! I guess for now i’ll settle for book-marking and adding your RSS feed to my Google account. I look forward to new updates and will share this website with my Facebook group. Chat soon!

  18. Furniture installation service
    Furniture installation service says:

    I would like to thnkx for the efforts you’ve put in writing this blog. I am hoping the same high-grade blog post from you in the upcoming also. Actually your creative writing skills has encouraged me to get my own blog now. Actually the blogging is spreading its wings fast. Your write up is a great example of it.

Leave a Reply

Want to join the discussion?
Feel free to contribute!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.